Bamboo vs. Cotton: Which Sheets Are Best For You?

Bamboo sheets are becoming increasingly popular thanks to their super soft feel and because of the eco-friendly nature of the bamboo plant (see our top bamboo sheets picks). Bed sheets made from bamboo are lightweight and can feel just as soft as high thread count cotton sheets.

While bamboo sheets may feel like a dream to some, others may just prefer the feel of cotton. Cotton sheets come in a variety of types, including thicker varieties like flannel. Bamboo sheets on the market are typically lightweight.

If you are considering making the change from cotton to bamboo, we’ve got you covered with a handy guide to the main similarities and differences between bamboo and cotton.

The Plants


More than just food for pandas or a new type of wood floor, bamboo is a sustainable plant that can be grown in many environments. Bamboo contains many natural properties that make it desirable:

  • Moisture wicking
  • Antibacterial
  • Antimicrobial
  • Deodorizing


Thanks to its antimicrobial properties, bamboo does not need pesticides to grow. 


The cotton plant has a less environmentally friendly history. Conventional (non-organic) cotton is actually one of the “dirtiest” crops because of the heavy use of pesticides involved in growing the plant. Some of the pesticides used have been labeled as hazardous to our health.

If you want to be as environmentally thoughtful as possible when purchasing cotton bedding, check out the organic options. But be careful with labels that say “All Natural.” In many cases, the chemicals used to manufacture the cotton are not always chemical-free or GMO-free.


Instead, look for labels that say the cotton is certified organic. There are two independent certifiers: Organic Content Standards (OCS) and Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS).


As with any fabric, there are different ways to manufacture the fibers that are woven into bedding. The chemical processes used to create the fibers and the weaving process can generate different types of fabric that offer special qualities or specific “feels” to your bedding.


There are three general types of bamboo sheets:

  • Bamboo from Rayon/Viscose
  • Tencel Bamboo (Lyocell)
  • Bamboo Linen

You can learn more about these types in depth here.

You may notice the terms Rayon and Viscose from other fabric products you own. These are often used interchangeably and refer to a type of manufacturing process that takes natural material is converted into a fiber through a chemical process.

The main concern with products that are rayon or viscose from bamboo is the use of toxic chemicals, like carbon disulfide, in the fiber manufacturing process.

Bamboo Supply Co. Bamboo Bed Sheet Review

Recently, the Federal Trade Commission has cracked down on the labeling of bamboo products, like sheets, as 100 percent Bamboo. According to the FTC, the process of making bamboo rayon strips the fibers of any of their natural health benefits, including anti-microbial properties. 

Bedding or other fabrics made with this process must be labeled as “rayon made from bamboo.”

Different types of weaves are possible in bamboo bedding, but not as common as cotton sheets. Sateen bamboo bed sheets give sheets are silkier and possibly more luxurious feel.


There is a wider variety of cotton sheets to choose from. The way the sheets are woven also offers more options.

In general, the best cotton sheets are 100 percent Egyptian cotton. The second best sheets are 100 percent Pima cotton (which go by the trademark name Supima).

If the sheets you’re considering just say “100 percent cotton” on them, most likely they are 100 percent American upland cotton. This cotton is most commonly used and considered rougher than Egyptian or Pima cotton.

Cotton sheets also come in different types of weaves:

  • Percale
  • Sateen
  • Flannel

Thread Count

Thread count tells us more about the quality of cotton sheets than it does bamboo sheets. While it is not the only factor to consider when considering cotton sheets, the higher the thread count the softer the sheets will be (typically).

The fibers in bamboo sheets are considered softer than cotton so many bamboo sheet sets are not labeled with a thread count. Some offer a lower thread count but will still be as soft as high thread count cotton sheets.


Care really comes down to following the instructions on your specific set of sheets. The manufacturers know the best way to keep your specific set in good condition.


Bamboo sheets, in general, are durable sheets but should still be cared for gently. Most bamboo sheet sets will instruct you to wash the sheets on a gentle cycle, usually in cold or warm water.

Bamboo sheets can be air dried (but be careful about leaving them out in direct sunlight) or they can be tumble dried on a low heat setting.

To avoid wrinkling try to remove your bamboo sheets from the dryer and place them on your bed as quickly as possible. They are prone to wrinkling if left unattended in the dryer.

Cariloha Classic Bamboo Bed Sheet Review

Learn more about caring for your bamboo sheets here.


Because there is such a wide range of cotton sheets the care can vary. Generally speaking, higher quality sheets like Egyptian and Pima cotton sheets should be handled with care to ensure that their longevity.

As with bamboo sheets, taking your cotton sheets out of the dryer right after they are done will help reduce wrinkling.

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Katie Golde

Katie manages the day to day operations of the Mattress Clarity news site and reviews sleep products in addition to writing and editing sleep news.She hails from Austin, where she lives with her growing family. She is a Certified Sleep Science Coach and has a master’s degree in Journalism from Northwestern University and has a background in health and science content. Her work can be found in print and online publications like Discover Magazine, USA Today and The Huffington Post.

7 thoughts on “Bamboo vs. Cotton: Which Sheets Are Best For You?”

  1. ha.ha. Bamboo. It’s rayon. It’s made with chemicals. Bamboo is a fast growing sustainable tree. That’s where it’s sustainability ends. The retting process from the bark can be very toxic, though many are now using steam, enzyme, and other processes. Then, the raw material is put through a lyocell rayon process using harsh chemicals. Oeko Tex certification – another haha. Oeko Tex made certain allowances for harsh chemicals in bamboo rayon in contradiction to their general ethos. Organic? No such thing as organic bamboo – it’s a man made fiber, there is no organic protocol allowing man made fibers to be labelled organic. If you have a piece of bamboo bedding labelled “organic” – it’s a fraud. Oh . . . and Bamboo rayon pills, badly.

    • Thanks, Mike, your information was exactly the info I needed. I’ve always been 100% cotton sheet nut, and thereby, will continue, leaving the bamboo sheets sitting on the shelf.

  2. I am trying to decide on either a soft cotton duvet cover or bamboo cover to go over a down comforter I am using. I’m 65 and sometimes get night sweats. So I need the cover to be a “cool” as possible. I live in Las Vegas, where it can get very hot during the summer and freezing temps in the winter. I like the weight of the down comforter but really might like a cover that’s in color or white with a small pattern. Any suggestions?

    Thanks, Deb

    • Hi Deb, I think you will find both a cotton duvet cover or a bamboo duvet cover will be comfortable on your bed and that they both have their trade-offs. Cotton will (most likely) be more affordable and wrinkle less easily than bamboo. Bamboo fabric tends to be more expensive and needs to be taken out of the dryer shortly after it’s done drying to avoid wrinkling. That being said, fabrics made from bamboo are lightweight, extremely soft, and naturally moisture wicking, which may help you on the hotter Las Vegas nights. If you have the budget and really want a silky soft feel, I’m inclined to suggest a bamboo cover. Let me know if you have any additional questions. Thanks!

  3. Thank You for what I consider to be a non biased assessment of these different materials, Your information is Very Helpful. I am going to purchase a set of Bamboo blend sheets just to try them for myself based on your information, I have a lifetime of data concerning cotton sheets to compare them to.

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